National and international practices in enhancing the effectiveness of law enforcement

Apr 15, 2016

An international conference titled “Mechanisms for enhancing the effectiveness in enforcement of laws: national and international experience” has been held at the International Business Centre in Tashkent.

Organized by the two chambers of Uzbekistan’s Oliy Majlis (Parliament), UNDP in Uzbekistan,  the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, the Friedrich Ebert Foundation and the OSCE Project Coordinator in Uzbekistan, the conference was attended by members of the Senate and the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis (Parliament), representatives of ministries and agencies, international and public organizations, members of the European Parliament, and experts from Belgium, Germany, Italy, Latvia and Slovenia.

The conference kicked off with welcome remarks by Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis Mr. Sarwar Otamuratov, UN Resident Coordinator in Uzbekistan, Mr. Stefan Priesner, and Head of the Friedrich Ebert Foundation’s regional office in Uzbekistan, Ms. Nailya Rezyapova.

Speaking at the event, Mr. Priesner extended his congratulations to the Government of Uzbekistan on the approval of a new law on Parliamentary control held a day earlier. He said the law would contribute to ongoing reforms and described the conference as timely.  

He also noted that parliamentary control helps to make the activities of the executive branch of government transparent. Proper parliamentary monitoring of the activities of executive authorities is a sign of good governance. Thanks to this function, parliament can ensure balance of power and strengthen its role as protector of people’s rights and interests.

At the same time, the best international practices reveal that parliamentary control is not the only tool for ensuring proper implementation of national laws that secures that legislation has an intended impact on the life of citizens and the business environment.

In this sense, the quality of laws is key factor. It is important to consolidate mechanisms of the Evidence-based Regulatory Impact Assessment and institutional potential in order to ensure effective regulatory reform being carried out in Uzbekistan in a bid to bring about economic and social modernization.

Mr. Priesner commended Uzbekistan’s efforts to improve regulatory policies and institutional measures to create an effective, transparent and accountable system of public administration both at central and local levels.

He went on to quote the President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov, who said: “in modern circumstances it is important to secure the adoption of laws of direct action, codified acts of legislation, and a timely passage of by-laws that would ensure full realization of provisions of newly approved laws”.

He also noted that UNDP will continue to support the Uzbek Government’s efforts to boost the effectiveness of legislative process and ensure effective and transparent fulfillment of laws while sharing with Uzbekistan advanced international experience and practices in this area.

Those gathered discussed issues related to the effectiveness of law enforcement practices, developed countries’ experience, prospects of the development of civil society institutes’ and media’s efforts to increase population awareness and improvement of public control over law enforcement.

Conference participants noted that reforms being implemented in Uzbekistan under President Karimov’s guidance for the purpose of deepening democratic reforms, strengthening the legislative foundation of enhancing their practical effect and further improving the enforcement of legislation aid the comprehensive development of the country.

In his speech made on the occasion of the 23rd anniversary of Uzbekistan’s Constitution, President Karimov said that in adopting legislative acts the country’s efforts should not be limited to defining general principles and mechanisms. As international experience demonstrates, in the modern age the system of law enforcement requires permanent reform and use of innovative approaches.

Conference participants made speeches focusing on cooperation between parliament and executive power in the area of increasing awareness of regulations as well as on mechanisms of ensuring law enforcement, the role law enforcement bodies play in disseminating legal information, interaction between authorities, media and NGOs in raising the population’s awareness of legislation, further boosting the efficiency of state bodies’ efforts to fulfill laws, and the role of the system of assessing the effectiveness of legislative acts.

The Chair of the European Parliament Delegation for Cooperation with Central Asia and Mongolia, Ms. Iveta Grigule, shared the European Parliament’s and Latvian authorities’ experience in ensuring enforcement of laws. The Deputy Secretary of the Presidium of Latvia’s Seimas (Parliament), Mr. Gunars Kutris, also told those gathered in detail about how Latvian authorities make sure that laws are fulfilled.

The Deputy Director of Belgium’s Impact Assessment Institute, Mr. Erik Akse, gave an engaging and useful presentation related to mechanisms for execution of laws by authorities.

“This international conference has come as an opportunity to explore Uzbekistan’s experience in boosting law enforcement,” Akse said. “Uzbekistan has created a solid legislative framework while working to consistently develop this area and deepening international cooperation in this area. We have exchanged experience with Uzbek colleagues and reached an agreement to further expand and strengthen cooperation.”

Conference participants learned about ongoing reforms in Uzbekistan to improve the mechanisms of enhancing the effectiveness. The event allowed for an exchange of opinions with regard to such mechanisms as well as interaction between state bodies and nongovernmental organizations. 

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