Local communities in Karakalpakstan to implement adaptation measuresMar 16, 2018
More than 210 representatives of rural citizens' assemblies, district khokimiyats, farmers and journalists attended four-day training on interaction of local authorities and local communities in implementing adaptation measures at the landscape level, held in Kanlykol, Muynak, Takhtakupir, Chimbay and Kegeyli districts of Karakalpakstan from March 12 to March 16, 2018.
In recent years, climatic factors have caused significant changes in the species composition of the pastures of Karakalpakstan, which resulted in an increased amount of vegetation unsuitable for grazing, lower yields of phyto mass, deterioration and degradation of pastures. The scale and intensity of these processes require the involvement of local communities for timely response and immediate measures to curb the degradation of pastures and restore their productivity.
Increasing the role of local communities in the management of pastures, forests and meadows, enhancing their knowledge on relevant best practices and their implementation will contribute to a more efficient use of natural resources and their conservation.
Adaptation to climate change is a process that requires increasingly flexible and diversified approaches to the system of natural resource and agricultural production management. At the same time, the involvement of farmers and dekhkans in adaptation activities, the improvement of their knowledge on the use of climate resilient technologies that ensure resource conservation with special emphasis on water conservation play an important role.
Continuous improvement of the regulatory framework and economic situation in the country creates new opportunities for involving local people in pasture management, application of evidence-based approaches adapted to the local conditions of this region. This experience has already been tested in Akhangaran district of Tashkent province and was presented to the participants of the seminar.
- In 2016, we were tasked by the head of the state with creating cooperatives in order to provide jobs and improve the welfare of mountain communities. A lot of work has been done in our district to develop animal husbandry. To date, 21 diversified cooperatives have been created, who have received the areas from the district land reserve to use them as pastures. Meanwhile, we plan to expand our activities to provide more people with employment and increase livestock. Today, we share our experience with the farmers of Karakalpakstan, where we talk about tax rates, processes and procedures for registration and creation of cooperatives with the involvement of representatives of rural citizens' assemblies, - Shavkat Ernazarov, a specialist of the Khokimiyat of Akhangaran district, Tashkent province.
The participants became familiar with the legislative framework for cooperative management of pastures, the experience and best practices of involving local communities in the process of pasture management; they also considered the issues of practical implementation of the concept of cooperative management of pastures.
- I was glad to take part in the seminar held in Kanlykol district, and learn about the development of livestock in households, how to organize the grazing of cattle and small ruminants. We also reviewed the practices of organizing cooperatives in rural areas, which is very necessary for people, for communities, especially for women engaged in domestic livestock breeding. I believe that this knowledge will help us in developing our community, creating jobs and raising incomes, - Gulistan Aralbayeva, rural citizens' assemble "Bes Kupir", Kanlykol district, Karakalpakstan.
The trainings were conducted by UNDP jointly with the Centre of Hydrometeorological Service at the Ministry of Emergency Situations with financial support of the Adaptation Fund under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change implement the project "Developing climate resilience of farming communities in the drought prone parts of Uzbekistan" aimed at reducing and preventing the adverse effects of climate change in the Republic of Karakalpakstan.
 According to the Resolution of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. PP-308 dated March 23, 2006 "On measures to stimulate the increase of livestock at private subsidiary households, farms and dekhkan farms" and the Regulation "On employment of the citizens who grow cattle and sell livestock products produced at private subsidiary households and dekhkan farms" adopted by the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers No. 67 dated April 21, 2006, persons who are members of cooperatives are classified as employed population; standard work-books should be issued for them and maintained, and employment periods (if these persons pay the respective contributions) should be included in the length of pensionable service.