Climate change: a local approach to solution of global issuesMar 13, 2017
On March 10-11, 2017, showcase field seminars on organization of cooperation between forestry farms and local communities to implement adaptation efforts at a landscape level have been held in rural citizens’ councils “Ushsay” of the Muynak district and “Kara oy” of the Takhtakupir district, Karakalpakstan. The seminars initiated the series of events on climate change issues scheduled for the period of March 10 to March 17 this year across the regions of Uzbekistan.
Climate change is one of the major current challenges and its impacts pose threats to food security, health and living conditions of people, and negatively affect industrial and telecommunications infrastructure performance. Thereby, the agricultural sector of economy is considered the most vulnerable to climate changes, as the level of agricultural production directly depends on existing water and land resources and weather conditions.
According to the data given in the Second and Third National Communication on climate change of the Centre of Hydrometeorological Service at Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan (Uzhydromet), air temperature growth rates in the country are twice as high as global rates, and the frequency of extreme weather events – late frost, heat waves, hail, strong winds, drought, is the highest for the Karakalpakstan region. This explains the necessity to develop climate and hydrometeorological monitoring mechanisms, early warning systems for climate-related hazards for the purposes of further planning and implementation of measures on climate change adaptation.
Considering these factors, UNDP in Uzbekistan jointly with Uzhydromet within the framework of the Project “Developing climate resilience of farming communities in the drought prone parts of Uzbekistan”, funded by the Adaptation Fund under UNFCCC, are working to increase resilience of farming and dekhkan communities in the Republic of Karakalpakstan to climate change impacts. An important aspect of the activities in progress is raising awareness on climate change issues among representatives of forestry farms and local communities. Seminars held in Muynak and Takhtakupir districts have become a part of the action plan in this area.
The format of showcase field seminars allowed participants to to get more information on different approaches and measures necessary to increase resilience of rural communities to climate change, as well as on opportunities to introduce agro- and water-saving technologies.
Later, on March 13-18, the project team will organize trainings on agro- and water-saving technologies in five pilot districts: Kegeyli, Kanlikul, Takhtakupir, Chimbay and Muynak. And, for the period of March 14 to March 17, in Tashkent, the specialists of Uzhydromet in the field of hydrometry will explore possibilities of using automated system for water flow measurement.
Climate change issues and implementation of landscape level adaptation measures in the pilot regions of the Project will be discussed by representatives of national and local forestry farms, State Committee for Nature Protection, Academy of Sciences and Nukus branch of Tashkent State Agrarian University within the scope of the meeting scheduled for March 15 in Nukus.
Technical issues of the regional climate control can be addressed by the special-purpose equipment for automation of the meteorological monitoring network in Karakalpakstan, which was acquired within the framework of the project currently implemented. Equipment installation works will be carried out from March 25 to April 20, 2017 in Nukus, Muynak, Chimbay, Takhtakupir, Kungrad, Ellikkalla and Khojeyli.