Practical Manual on Regulatory Impact Assessment has been published by UNDP in UzbekistanMay 2, 2016
A Practical Manual on Regulatory Impact Assessment was recently prepared and published within the framework of UNDP “Support to enhancement of lawmaking, rulemaking and regulatory impact assessment” project in cooperation with Institute for Monitoring of Current Legislation under the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
The main purpose of this Manual, developed in the framework of the joint project of UNDP “Support to enhancement of lawmaking, rulemaking and regulatory impact assessment“ project, implemented with the Institute for Monitoring of Current Legislation under the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, is the disclosure of the practicalities of RIA and its benefits, as well as to introduce readers with the specifics and results of the implementation of this system in other countries.
In particular, the Manual reveals the essence of the RIA, gives comprehensive explanation for "Better Regulation” concept, describes the main stages of the Impact Assessment procedures, cost-benefit analysis, including Standard Costs Model, the mechanism of public consultations. Also, a detailed review of the best international practices of RIA, such as UK, USA, Germany, Sweden, Russia and Korea, is included.
In addition, the information about the prerequisites, measures for the implementation and further improvement of RIA in Uzbekistan, is reflected in this publication. At the same time, the Manual presents certain practical examples of the impact assessment of legislative acts.
This Manual is written, primarily for use of government bodies, legal acts drafters, as well as members of Parliament, legal practitioners and scholars during law malking and rule making process.
The efficiency and quality of public administration and regulatory policy is one of the most important factors of success of ongoing social and economic reforms.
At the same time, it is important to define a systematic approach that allows public authorities at all levels to provide high quality lawmaking.
Ineffective regulation adversely affects the welfare of society and state, and leads to high costs for business and citizens, complicates the process of governance and may increase the level of corruption.
Most of the legal acts drafted and adopted at both departmental and government level, affect the interests of various groups of society, and while drafting, many aspects related to the possible consequences of enforcement of legal act for a particular group of individuals must be taken into account.
At the same time at the stage of drafting a legal act, many impacts can be "invisible" or rather difficult to define. Therefore, in the lawmaking and rulemaking process the mechanisms to calculate in advance the impacts, as well as to determine who would be affected by adopted legal act, are extremely needed and important.
One of the main tools, affecting the quality of regulation is the Regulatory Impact Assessment system (RIA).
In Uzbekistan, RIA is being implemented gradually since 2008. Several legal acts were adopted to nail down the principles of regulatory impact assessment in the national legislation, the most important of which was the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of December 2, 2014 № 328 “On measures for implementation of System for Assessment of Impact of Legal Acts on Entrepreneurship”.
The implementation of RIA certainly will have a positive impact on the course of reforms carried out in Uzbekistan, especially in the field of public administration, and for this, RIA should cover equally impact assessment on the economy, the environment and the social sphere.