Cooperation of UNDP with national and international partners on prevention of corruption in UzbekistanJan 12, 2016
Corruption is a complex social, political and economic phenomenon, which affects all countries to certain extent. Corruption destroys democratic institutions, slows economic development and undermines the effective governance principles.
According to the UN estimates, the total amount of bribes paid is up to USD 1 trillion in the world, which is equal to 5% of global GDP. According to the World Economic Forum, corruption increases the costs of doing business by up to 10% on average. Corruption increases the cost of water infrastructure construction as a whole by 40%, which amounts to USD 12 billion required annually to provide clean drinking water and sanitation around the world. In developed countries, fraud and abuse of power in the health sector result in additional costs of individual governments of the USD 12 billion to 23 billion annually. According to WHO, 25% of medicines purchased all over the world can be lost because of abuse of power, bribery and other corrupted acts.
In Uzbekistan, there are taken measures against corruption at all levels, including through accession to the UN Convention against Corruption. Uzbekistan ratified the Convention in 2008. Currently, there are 177 states-parties to the Convention. The objectives of the Convention are to promote and strengthen measures to prevent and combat corruption more efficiently and effectively;
to promote, facilitate and support international cooperation and technical assistance in the prevention of and fight against corruption;
to promote integrity, accountability and proper management of public affairs and public property.
UNDP in Uzbekistan cooperates with national partners in the prevention of corruption by promoting transparency and accountability in the public sector. UNDP proposals were reflected in the development of the Comprehensive Plan of Action for the practical implementation of anti-corruption measures in 2015.
Cooperation in the field of corruption prevention is clearly reflected in the portfolio of projects in the field of good governance and covers issues such as openness and transparency of government agencies, open government data, anti-corruption expertise of legislation and regulatory impact assessment of legislative acts (RIA), competitive recruitment in the civil service and code of conduct for officials. It is also necessary to note the simplification of administrative procedures for a number of public services, citizen-centric e-government services, open data portals at national level and the pilot areas, the modernization of the official website of the Supreme Court, as well as audio-video system for recording of trials in the economic courts. To support international cooperation in the prevention of corruption in Uzbekistan, UNDP provided technical assistance for the organization of the mission review the implementation of the country's obligations under the UN Convention against Corruption and the Istanbul Anti-corruption Action Plan in the June-July 2015.
Significantly, it is the second year when UNDP, in partnership with UNODC, co-organizes the Open Doors Day in the General Prosecutor's Office, dedicated to explaining the measures to prevent corruption in the country, protection of business against abuses and bureaucratic barriers, openness and transparency of the activities of the prosecution. This event is held within the framework of the International Anti-Corruption Day, proclaimed by the UN General Assembly and it is celebrated annually on December 9 for a better understanding of the problem of corruption and the role of the Convention in preventing and combating corruption. On this day in 2003, UN Convention against Corruption was opened for signature.
Governments, business entities, civil society, the media, and citizens around the world are joining forces to fight this crime. The joint international campaign (#breakthechain – Break the corruption chain) in 2015 focused on how corruption undermines democracy and the rule of law, leads to human rights violations, distorts markets and erodes quality of life and allows organized crime, terrorism and other threats to human security to flourish. The campaign is also widely covered in the social networks.
Initiators of the #breakthechain campaign pay attention to the fact that corruption as a complex crime affects a large number of economic and social spheres. The fight against corruption is a key element in achieving the goals of sustainable development, in particular the poverty reduction, protection of the planet and social equity.
UNDP in Uzbekistan is ready to continue cooperation with national partners in the prevention of corruption in the public sector. These priorities were identified and agreed with the Government of Uzbekistan in the new United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) to the Republic of Uzbekistan for 2016-2020.