Learning biodiversity and advanced methods of its conservation

Apr 30, 2015

Two workshops on conservation of biodiversity impacted by the oil-and-gas industry have been conducted in Tashkent by the joint project of the State Committee for Nature Protection, UNDP and GEF “Mainstreaming Biodiversity into the oil-and-gas policies and operations in Uzbekistan”.

Since the beginning of the project in 2010, the project team is working in close cooperation with the oil-and-gas companies in order to minimize adverse impacts on biodiversity due to the development projects. The Ustyurt Plateau selected as a pilot area of the project is notable for its unique rich biodiversity, which is subject to ever-increasing anthropogenic load because of development projects. Some results in promoting advanced methods of biodiversity conservation successfully applied in Europe, North and South America, and Australia, and improving national legislation have been already achieved within recent years.  Seeking to enlarge the partnership with oil-and-gas sector, the project is implementing a series of joint initiatives aimed at re-vegetation on disturbed areas on the plateau and other activities.

Widely known that sustainable development is regarded as a top priority in determining public policy in various sectors, including environment and security issues. The need to address biodiversity risks as a fundamental condition for sustainable development implicates complex measures for the preservation of gene pool of living beings and their viability, populations of all forms of life at a level sufficient for their survival. In other words, the value of biodiversity and ecosystems is indispensable, as they are necessary for the sustainable development of the society. The biodiversity mitigation hierarchy outlines the four-stage algorithm consisting of “avoidance – minimization – rehabilitation/restoration – offset”, where last-named means measures taken to compensate for any significant adverse impacts that cannot be avoided, minimized and/or rehabilitated or restored. Taking into account the development pace, the mitigation hierarchy must be applied for every development project.

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