Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
Where we are
Uzbekistan is committed to halting and reversing the spread of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria by 2015. 3,584 new HIV infections were officially registered in 2011, and 21,542 HIV-positive people were living in the country in 2011. The epidemic has mostly affected the Fergana Valley, Samarkand and Tashkent regions. While the absolute numbers of HIV infections in the country are low, growing infection rates are a concern. HIV testing is extensive in Uzbekistan, but reaching most-at-risk groups remains a challenge.
In 2011 there were 53.1 tuberculosis (TB) cases for every 100,000 residents, 30 per cent less than the level in 2005. In Uzbekistan, TB typically impacts teenagers, young people and women of reproductive age, with the Aral Sea region experiencing the highest TB incidence rate. The main challenges faced in fighting TB are low rates of detection, high incidences of multidrug resistant forms of TB, a lack of drug supply, and incomplete treatment cycles. The implementation of the WHO-recommended approach to TB treatment has helped enhance detection and treatment rates, while reducing TB-related mortality. There are less than 100 cases of malaria in Uzbekistan each year, with rates of domestic malaria transmission falling steadily.