Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty

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 UNDP in Uzbekistan: Offering alternative sources of income has helped to ensure the well-being of Uzbekistan's rural citizens

Official statistics in Uzbekistan indicate that the national poverty rate, measured by the food energy intake of 2,100 Kcal per person per day, has decreased from 28 per cent in 2001 to 16 per cent in 2011. The Government of Uzbekistan is committed to making further progress towards achieving MDG 1, by ensuring more equitable income distribution while increasing employment opportunities with a specific focus on rural development. Vulnerable groups targeted by such initiatives include families where adults are unemployed or underemployed, families with many children or people living with disabilities, and individuals with limited access to social services.

However, despite being on track towards achieving the 1st National MDG, Uzbekistan faces many related challenges including the fact that 75 per cent of the national low income population lives in rural areas. A recent World Bank Country Strategy Partnership document (2011) identified low agricultural productivity, an informal labour market, a small number of working adults relative to household members and regional economic disparities, as challenges to be overcome when reducing low income levels in Uzbekistan.

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