The 'Enhancement of Living Standards' Programme

About the Programme

Local residents use a newly-installed waterpipe
UNDP in Uzbekistan - Supporting community-based development


From 2005 to 2010, the Enhancement of Living Standards (ELS) programme worked to improve access to services, rehabilitate infrastructure and diversify income generation in the Andijan, Karakalpakstan, Namangan and Fergana regions. The programme was financed by the EU, implemented by UNDP, and was part of the Area Based Development Programme.

The project’s objective was to utilise locally-available resources to improve living standards in a tangible manner. The programme was piloted in Karakalpakstan and the Fergana Valley, which had similar infrastructure requirements and levels of access to sanitation, power, electricity and telephone communications, all of which needed to be upgraded. While agriculture is a major source of income in these regions, small businesses, rural enterprises, family-run tourism facilities and handicrafts production are all potential alternative income sources. The ELS programme has taped into these available resources and opportunities, in order to enhance the livelihoods of regional populations.

The programme’s objectives focused on three components. These included (I) the development of regional and local strategies to encourage people to participate in developing their communities, (II) the empowerment of local communities to improve their own social welfare, and (III) the improvement and diversification of income generation opportunities.

The programme utilised an integrated approach, in which the above three components worked in synergy to support the national development strategy and the achievement of Millennium Development Goals. To ensure its success the ELS programme worked in close coordination with other on-going UNDP initiatives, in particular with the Area Based Development Programme that has worked in the Karakalpakstan, Kashkadarya and Tashkent regions. 


Programme Activities - Component I




UNDP in Uzbekistan

Component I focused on the development of regional and local strategies that encourage the active participation of people in community initiatives, in decision-making processes, and in dialogue with regional authorities. The programme assisted in the preparation and implementation of joint local development strategies. This component was implemented in the Andijan, Fergana and Namangan regions.

The ELS programme provides support to authorities and local communities in developing and implementing regional and local development strategies, using improved data collection techniques. Regional development is about applying sustainable development on a regional scale, with the aim of assisting individuals and communities within regions to identify and better utilise local opportunities for development. By addressing existing needs, the regional development strategy supports planning for the efficient allocation, management and utilisation of resources for present and future generations.  

Results in Andijan:  

  • The training of regional and local authorities in the Andijan region, in strategic planning and human development;
  • The provision of assistance in the development of regional and local strategic assessments;
  • The improvement of access to and the user-friendly and practical application of socio-economic data at regional and local levels, including the use of living standards mapping methodologies;
  • The coordination of the assistance of EU member states for ELS wiithin the Andijan region.

Results in Fergana:

  • A regional development plan for the Fergana region;
  • Local development plans for selected districts;
  • MDG baseline reports for selected districts;
  • Socio-economic data disaggregated by gender, for each particular district and region, will be collected for use in monitoring the implementation of regional and local rural development strategies;
  • A methodological tool kit on how to prepare regional and local development strategies/plans, with a focus on MDGs.

Namangan (Phase I):

  • A regional development plan for the Namangan region;
  • Local development plans for three selected districts;
  • MDG baseline reports for three selected districts;
  • Socio-economic data disaggregated by gender, for the three selected districts and for the region.

Karakalpakstan

  • A regional development plan for Karakalpakstan;
  • Local development plans for Karakalpakstan;
  • MDG baseline reports for three selected districts;
  • Socio-economic data disaggregated by gender, for three selected districts and for the region. 

Programme Activities - Component II


UNDP in Uzbekistan

Component II focused on empowering local communities to improve their social welfare, by encouraging communities to implement self-help schemes and rehabilitate their social service infrastructure. This component was implemented in the Fergana, Namangan and Karakalpakstan regions.

The ELS programme provided support to the authorities and residents of local communities in target regions, by undertaking projects that improved education, developed vital skills, and made positive changes to people’s living conditions. The programme demonstrated the important role that civil society organisations can play in helping communities to improve the livelihoods of their residents, by using available resources. This component provides the training, grants and advice needed by communities to rehabilitate social infrastructure, including schools, health clinics, and gas and water systems.

Fergana:

  • Raised awareness of civil society’s contribution to enhancing living standards;
  • Increased the capacities of regional and local governments to engage civil society and communities in income-generating activities;
  • Local communities, mahallas and civil society groups have been trained to undertake self-help initiatives, while administering and undertaking public schemes within their communities;
  • The completion of social investment projects by 50 communities;
  • Framework established for future interventions by UNDP and other organisations;
  • The creation of opportunities for low-income families to improve their living standards, through cattle-breeding and poultry-keeping.

Namangan (Phase I):

  • Raised awareness of civil society’s contribution to enhancing living standards;
  • Increased the capacities of regional and local governments to engage civil society and communities in income generating activities;
  • Local communities, mahallas and civil society groups have been trained to undertake self-help initiatives, while administering and undertaking public schemes within their communities;
  • The completion of social investment projects by 50 communities;
  • Framework established for future interventions by UNDP and other organisations.

Namangan (Phase II):

  • Increased the capacities of regional and local authorities to engage community-based organisations and communities in reconstruction initiatives, with a focus on social, health and education infrastructure;
  • The training of local communities and mahallas to undertake self-help initiatives, and to administer public schemes within their communities;
  • The completion of social rehabilitation projects by 50 communities, through a combination of their own contributions and grants received from the project;
  • The creation of new income-generation opportunities for low-income families, including cattle-breeding and poultry-keeping;
  • Framework established for future intervention by UNDP and other organisations.

Karakalpakstan:

  • Raised awareness of civil society’s contribution to enhancing living standards;
  • Increased the capacities of regional and local authorities to engage community-based organisations and communities in income-generating activities;
  • Trained local communities, mahallas and civil society groups in undertaking self-help initiatives, and administering and undertaking various public schemes within their communities;
  • The completion of social investment projects by 50 communities;
  • Framework established for future interventions by UNDP and other organisations.

Project Activities - Component III


UNDP in UZBEKISTAN

Component III hs encouraged the improvement and diversification of income generation opportunities, supported job creation, financed rural and urban micro-credit schemes, and promoted and developed agricultural co-operatives. This component has been implemented in the Fergana and Namangan regions.

The ELS programme has provided support to authorities and local communities in target regions to increase and diversify access to finance and business services for low-income populations and small farmers. It utilises and builds on the experience gained by UNDP in supporting micro-financing initiatives and micro-financial institutions, so that they can develop their business strategies, improve basic operation system, develop new products and expand their operations. The programme provides timely, reliable and appropriate micro-financing for the development of businesses, whose resulting benefits can extend beyond individual households and into the broader community.

Fergana:

  • The introduction of alternative income-generating activities for low-income families and dehkan enterprises;
  • The improvement of the economic conditions of selected low-income families, through micro-credits provided for small business projects;
  • Enhanced access to financing, through the development of micro-finance schemes;
  • Strengthened institutional capacities for existing micro-finance institutions;
  • The establishment of efficient micro-credit schemes;
  • The development and capacity building of pilot dehkan enterprises.

Namangan (Phase I):

  • The strengthening of the institutional capacities of two micro-finance institutions;
  • The disbursement of micro-credits to low income populations;
  • The development of loan products based on local needs;
  • An increased number of small-scale entrepreneurial projects and small enterprises;
  • The establishment of pilot agricultural cooperatives.

Namangan (Phase II):

  • Improved income generation for low-income families and farmer enterprises;
  • The improvement of economic conditions of selected low-income families, through the provision of micro-credits needed by small-scale, entrepreneurial projects;
  • Improved access to financial resources through micro-financing schemes, and the expansion of entrepreneurial small-scale projects and farmer enterprises;
  • The strengthening of micro-financing establishments, and the development of credit products in accordance with local needs;
  • The establishment of effective micro-finance operations;
  • The development and strengthening of the potential of farmer enterprises in pilot districts.

Karakalpakstan:

  • The strengthened institutional capacities of two micro-finance institutions;
  • Micro-credits disbursed to low-income populations;
  • The development of loan products based on local needs;
  • Increased numbers of small-scale entrepreneurial projects and small enterprises;
  • The establishment of pilot agricultural cooperatives.

Overview
Status:
Completed
 
Programme in Andijan/Namangan
 
Project Start Date:
November 2007
Project End Date:
November 2009
Partners:
The Andijan region khokimiyat, ‘Mahalla’ fund and the department of economy and business, the ‘Tadbirkor Ayol’ Business Women Association, the Andijan State University, the Andijan Engineering-Economic Institute and the Engineering-Pedagogical Institute
 
Programme in Fergana
 
Project Start Date:
April 2006
Project End Date:
December 2007
Partners:
The Fergana region khokimiyat and ‘Mahalla’ fund, the Khokimiyats and ‘Mahalla’ funds of the Bagdad, Rishtan, sokh and Fergana districts, the ‘Tadbirkor Ayol’ Business Women Association and the Trade and Industry Chamber
 
Programme in Namangan
 
Project Start Date:
January 2005
Project End Date:
December 2006
Partners:
The Namangan region khokimiyat and ‘Mahalla’ fund, the khokimiyats and ‘Mahalla’ funds of the Chartak, Kasansay and Mingbulak districts, the Namangan region economic department, the ‘Tadbirkor Ayol’ Business Women Association, the Chamber of Trade and Industry, and the Namangan State University, Engineering-Economic Institute and Engineering-Pedagogical Institute
 
Programme in Karakalpakstan
 
Project Start Date:
January 2005
Project End Date:
December 2006
Partners:
The Council of Ministers of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, the khokimiyats of the Kegeili, Karauzyak and Shumanay districts, the Departments of Statistics of Karakalpakstan and target districts, the ‘Tadbirkor Ayol’ Business Women Association, the ‘Daulet’ and ‘Parwaz’ NGOs, the ‘Mahalla’ funds in project districts, the Village Communities of Citizens in project districts, and communities at a grass-roots level
 
Budget

Andijan/Namangan


Total Budget (in euros):

1,100,000

UNDP: 100,000

EU: 1,000,000


Fergana


Total Budget (in euros):

1,100,000

UNDP: 100,000

EU: 1,000,000


Namangan


Total Budget (in euros):

1,100,000

UNDP: 100,000

EU: 1,000,000


Karakalpakstan


Total Budget (in euros):

1,100,000

UNDP: 100,000

EU: 1,000,000

Project Documents
  • Project Document - Andijan and Namangan English
  • Project Document - Fergana English
  • Project Document - Namangan English
  • Project Document - Karakalpakstan English
Component I - Documents
Component II - Documents
  • Civil Society Assessment in Karakalpakstan English
  • Development of Civil Society in Karakalpakstan English
  • Development of Civil Society in Namangan English
  • ELS Project Implementation English
  • Social Investment Funds English
  • Standard Service Package Component II English
Component III - Documents