UN Joint Programme 'Building the resilience of communities affected by the Aral Sea disaster through the Multi-partner Human Security Fund for the Aral Sea'

Programme Goal:

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Aral Sea – located in the heart of Central Asia, once the world’s fourth largest lake, has now dried up to about 30% of its initial size. Such a dramatic environmental change has had a negative impact on the region’s economy, social sphere and livelihoods of the population.

Capitalizing on the successes and lessons learned from the previous initiative, a new UN Joint Programme with efforts of four UN Agencies in Uzbekistan - UNDP, UNESCO, UNFPA and UNV, aims to mitigate inter-connected risks to human security as well as facilitate sustainable financial support through the establishment of a multi-partner human security Fund for the Aral Sea.

Human Security Approach

The Joint Programme focuses on addressing the human security needs of more than 120,000 people in Muynak, Shumanay, and Takhtakupir districts of Karakalpakstan, which, aiming at establishing adequate governance systems and sound policies, as well as enhancing economic opportunity, education, health care and environmental security. The approach should be able to create positive linkages between multiple sectors (economic, social, political, environmental, health, etc.) and address complex and interconnected challenges. 

Expected Results:

1. Address the human security needs of populations affected by the Aral Sea disaster at the local and national levels

  • Expand employment and improve income generation of rural communities through innovative projects to promote economic, environmental and social security;
  • Application of sustainable agricultural practices and development of the sustainable tourism sector;
  • Improve local ownership and capacity through implementation of community development plans, including access to basic social services, such as drinking water, electricity and renewable energy;
  • Enhance capacity of the healthcare providers to deliver quality services on family planning, mother and child health, and antenatal care;
  • Enhance knowledge and awareness of local population in preventing respiratory, cardiovascular and gastrointestinal diseases, as well as in family planning and antenatal care through training of makhalla advisers and community volunteers.

2. Establish a well-coordinated financial mechanism as a way to promote and mainstream the human security approach in the region

  • Integrate human security concept at the national level in formulation of socio-economic policy, development and strategy planning of the Government;
  • Provide support to national and regional authorities to design policy and strategy in human security and identify the multi-dimensional human security risks and their consequences for communities affected by the Aral Sea disaster;
  • Establish a multi-partner human security Fund for the Aral Sea that would provide social and economic development, preserve ecological balance, and recover the flora and fauna in the region.

Finances:



Total Budget:  USD 4,154,000
Amount requested from UNTFHS USD 2,000,000
UNDP USD 647,000
UNFPA USD 100,000
UNESCO USD 81,000
UNV USD 72,000
Adaptation Fund (parallel funding)   USD 1,254,000 

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