UN Aral Sea Programme
The overall goal of the Programme is to improve the economic, food, health and environmental security of poor rural communities of Karakalpakstan. By employing top-down protection and bottom-up empowerment measures within the human security framework the Programme aims to promote community level efforts in protecting people from sudden economic downturns and natural disasters as well as increase living standards of population.
The direct beneficiaries of the programme include 130,000 people from three of the most vulnerable districts of Karakalpakstan (Muynak Shumanay, and Kanlikul). Around 494, 000 of indirect beneficiaries from ten districts benefit from improved primary healthcare and governance.
Goals and objectives:
- Ensure income generation opportunities and economic security for vulnerable groups in three target districts;
- Enhance capacity of primary health care workers to address health consequences of the environmental disaster and economic insecurity in ten target districts with a specific focus on addressing the needs of women and young people;
- Strengthen the capacity of regional and district authorities to develop socio-economic polices aimed at ensuring economic and environmental security as well welfare improvement of vulnerable groups.
- A network of 50 agro-consultants formed to promote improved agricultural practices; capacity of 23 veterinary service providers enhanced for more advanced access to services for rural population;
- 92 demonstration plots and business projects established to create income generation sources and ensure economic and food security for target population thus enabling to create 139 (77 female) new jobs places;
- 75 demonstration plots established creating 94 (32 female) on degraded forestry areas of the Lower Amu Darya Biosphere Reserve to ensure environmental sustainability through restoration of forests, mainstreaming water and soil protection, anti-erosion activities;
- 509 households have access to irrigation water thanks to reconstructed irrigation canal in the Kazakhdarya village of Muynak District enabling local population to engage in farming, sowing seeds and gardening in their lands creating additional 32 self-employment (9 female), to ensure access to safe agricultural products and food for their families and potential to increase their income;
- Support provided in development of tourism sector in the region by establishing 2 Visitors and Information Centres in theLower Amu Darya State Biosphere Reserve and Dzhambas Kala touristic complex;
- 363 farmers and dehkans enhanced their skills on improved agriculture technologies (i.e. application of land laser levelling technology, growing cash crops, sustainable development, efficient use of the natural resources, effective agricultural management) through capacity building activities provided by the Programme;
- Extension and Information Resource Centre within the Urgench University established using the best international practice;
- 1932 (57% female) participants (doctors, nurses, other relevant specialists) benefited from capacity building activities to address specific women’s rights on the issues such as reproductive health, family planning, addressing the issues related to stigma and discrimination for the people infected by Tuberculosis;
- 219 primary health care facilities participated in implementation of "Practical Approach to Lung Health" Strategy and received valuable recommendations;
- More than 2,000 young people improved their skills on HIV/AIDS, TB and SRH issues through the awareness raising campaign organized by the Programme with support of over 6000 information and educational materials distributed;
- 175 healthcare points have been provided with different types of medical equipment;
- Level of awareness of local population on TB and other respiratory diseases was identified amongst 1088 (55% female) respondents involved in the Baseline Survey organized by the Programme;
- Capacity on TB and other lung diseases prevention methods of 1644 community volunteers have been increased through several trainings provided by the Programme using the modules prepared based on the findings of the survey;
- 1032 (49% female) residents of target communities are able to identify community needs through capacity building and community mobilization activities and introduction of MDG and Community Development Plans concepts; as a result 54 community development plans are formulated;
- 44,262 rural people (45.4% female) in 38 rural communities have access to basic social needs and improved infrastructure, including drinking and irrigation water, electricity and improved health and educational facilities;
- 9 solar panels are have been established for rural primary healthcare facilities in Muynak district benefiting 29 000 people;
- 118 (55 % female) district and regional government representatives strengthened capacities on development and implementation of local development plans, human security, results-based management, gender mainstreaming, sustainable development. 28 specialists of the Ministry of Economy of Karakalpakstan increased skills on of statistical software «DevInfo» and received 10 computers. Human security data base has been created at the Ministry of Economy;
- Donor activity analysis has been conducted and published.