Supporting Uzbekistan in Transition to a Low-Emission Development Path

Project Goal

Exhibition participants discuss a working biogas system modelUNDP in Uzbekistan: Encouraging the introduction and use of practical, renewable sources of energy such as biogas will help to lower emissions nationwide

The ‘Supporting Uzbekistan in Transition to a Low-Emission Development Path‘ project is helping Uzbekistan to transition to more sustainable energy use, promoting renewable energy use, promoting renewable energy use, assisting the Government in developing a low emission development strategy and mobilising resources for the strategy.

Uzbekistan possesses extensive reserves of fossil fuels. As a result, the country’s economic growth prior to independence coincided with rising levels of greenhouse gas emissions. At the same time, Uzbekistan has substantial renewable energy potential such as solar, wind, and biomass. These energy sources have been under-utilised. Moreover, farmers are not aware of opportunities to employ renewable energy technologies.

The project has assisted in developing the capacity to formulate and mobilise finance for and implement low-emission development strategies, offering support in fulfilling commitments under the UNFCCC to enable the country to make informed policy and investment decisions that reduce GHG emissions, reduce poverty, create new employment opportunities and move the country towards long term sustainability.


The recently-introduced concept of Low-Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) could be operationalised and implemented through Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs). NAMAS are international initiatives that help developing countries to deal with the challenges of climate change. Uzbekistan’s negotiation team needs coaching in regards to negotiation skills, and would benefit from regular information updates and new approaches for attracting finance.


Our Results


  • Enabled 11 Clean Development Mechanism projects to issue 3.5 million tons of Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) during their commercial phases. The savings of natural gas amounted to 213.2 million cubic meters (the equivalent of USD 13.1 million), thanks to the implementation of 4 Clean Development Mechanism projects in the oil-and-gas sector;
  • Standardised the baseline for Uzbekistan’s energy sector, one incorporating a national emission factor of carbon dioxide, and submitted the baseline for approval by the Secretariat of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change;
  • Included recommendations into the ‘Road Map for the Development of the Biogas Market in Uzbekistan’, used for the development of the State Programme for the Development of Alternative Energy in Uzbekistan till 2017, and the State Programme for the Year of National Prosperity and Well-being;
  • Trained 250 farmers and staff of provincial administrations from 11 regions in how to develop the national biogas market, through 9 trainings conducted in 2 Biogas Demo Centres located in the Sirdarya and Khorezm provinces;
  • Developed the Concept of Low Emission Development of Uzbekistan, and designed the Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA) regarding the use of compact fluorescent lamps in public and administrative buildings, which can result in the saving of 3.127 million kWh or 852 million m3 of natural gas (an equivalent of USD 52.334 million);
  • Increased the awareness of 147 students (46 per cent female) from 4 national universities,  regarding climate change issues, through 3 trainings and 3 mini-workshops.

Expected Results

  • Increase awareness of all relevant stakeholders (at central and regional levels) about post-2012 climate change architecture;
  • Keep the Government of Uzbekistan duly informed, by trained national negotiators in regards to key outcomes and progress in international climate change meetings/events;
  • Improve secondary regulations (including tax and customs regulations) related to the Clean Development Mechanism in Uzbekistan, as based on the proposed changes/amendments;
  • Support Uzbekistan in its efforts to scale-up climate change mitigation activities;
  • Produce first drafts of a Strategy and Action Plan to promote low or zero-emission technologies in Uzbekistan’s rural areas.


Total Budget: USD 1,211,289
UNDP: USD 975,000
The Government of Uzbekistan: USD 236,289