6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

Where we are

UNDP in Uzbekistan: A combination of training, technical support and awareness-raising has help to control the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan is committed to halting and reversing the spread of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria by 2015. 3,584 new HIV infections were officially registered in 2011, and 21,542 HIV-positive people were living in the country in 2011. The epidemic has mostly affected the Fergana Valley, Samarkand and Tashkent regions. While the absolute numbers of HIV infections in the country are low, growing infection rates are a concern. HIV testing is extensive in Uzbekistan, but reaching most-at-risk groups remains a challenge.  

In 2011 there were 53.1 tuberculosis (TB) cases for every 100,000 residents, 30 per cent less than the level in 2005. In Uzbekistan, TB typically impacts teenagers, young people and women of reproductive age, with the Aral Sea region experiencing the highest TB incidence rate. The main challenges faced in fighting TB are low rates of detection, high incidences of multidrug resistant forms of TB, a lack of drug supply, and incomplete treatment cycles. The implementation of the WHO-recommended approach to TB treatment has helped enhance detection and treatment rates, while reducing TB-related mortality. There are less than 100 cases of malaria in Uzbekistan each year, with rates of domestic malaria transmission falling steadily.

UNDP's work in Uzbekistan

  • UNDP in Uzbekistan: The enthusiasm and social-awareness of youth volunteers has played a vital role in increasing HIV testing rates throughout Uzbekistan

    Knowledge is the Key to HIV Prevention
    HIV training programme

    Zebiniso Muhsinova is only 21, but she nevertheless conducts her HIV awareness mini-sessions for schoolchildren with the confidence and flair of a veteran trainer.more

  • UNDP in Uzbekistan: Medical professionals working with people living with HIV participate in a palliative care training program

    Palliative Care: Providing Relief for Patients with HIV
    Health professions participate in a training program focusing on palliative care

    Building the capacity of nurses in primary healthcare facilities, who provide palliative care services to the HIV positive patients and educate family members, is a significant step towards improving access to quality medical care.more

Targets for MDG6
  1. Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
    • HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years
    • Condom use at last high-risk sex
    • Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS
    • Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14 years
  2. Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it
    • Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs