6 Improve maternal health

Where we are

A move recieves medical advice from her doctor
UNDP in Uzbekistan: Applying best international practices in maternal health has helped to improve the well-being of mothers and children throughout Uzbekistan.

Uzbekistan’s maternal mortality rate has gradually decreased from 33.1 per 100,000 live births in 2000 to 23.1 in 2011. This achievement has been the result of a reduced fertility rate, fewer unwanted pregnancies and abortion cases, and longer time periods between pregnancies. Consequently, the national target to reduce the national maternal mortality rate by one third was achieved before the 2015 deadline.

The achievements made in reducing the national maternal mortality rate were possible due to the creation of an enabling environment for improving maternal health. This work included ensuring the universal coverage of deliveries by qualified medical personnel, and improving access to quality ante-natal care. However the share of maternal deaths with direct obstetric causes remains relatively high, indicating that Uzbekistan still needs to continue enhancing the quality of its maternal healthcare system, while improving the qualifications of medical personnel within the field.

Targets for MDG 5
  1. Reduce by three quarters the maternal mortality ratio
    • Most maternal deaths could be avoided
    • Giving birth is especially risky in Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, where most women deliver without skilled care
    • The rural-urban gap in skilled care during childbirth has narrowed
  2. Achieve universal access to reproductive health & inadequate funding for family planning is a major failure in fulfilling commitments to improving women’s reproductive health
    • More women are receiving antenatal care
    • Inequalities in care during pregnancy are striking
    • Only one in three rural women in developing regions receive the recommended care during pregnancy
    • Progress has stalled in reducing the number of teenage pregnancies, putting more young mothers at risk
    • Poverty and lack of education perpetuate high adolescent birth rates
    • Progress in expanding the use of contraceptives by women has slowed & use of contraception is lowest among the poorest women and those with no education