6 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty

Where we are

UNDP in Uzbekistan: Offering alternative sources of income has helped to ensure the well-being of Uzbekistan's rural citizens

Official statistics in Uzbekistan indicate that the national poverty rate, measured by the food energy intake of 2,100 Kcal per person per day, has decreased from 28 per cent in 2001 to 16 per cent in 2011. The Government of Uzbekistan is committed to making further progress towards achieving MDG 1, by ensuring more equitable income distribution while increasing employment opportunities with a specific focus on rural development. Vulnerable groups targeted by such initiatives include families where adults are unemployed or underemployed, families with many children or people living with disabilities, and individuals with limited access to social services.

However, despite being on track towards achieving the 1st National MDG, Uzbekistan faces many related challenges including the fact that 75 per cent of the national low income population lives in rural areas. A recent World Bank Country Strategy Partnership document (2011) identified low agricultural productivity, an informal labour market, a small number of working adults relative to household members and regional economic disparities, as challenges to be overcome when reducing low income levels in Uzbekistan.

Targets for MDG1
  1. Reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day
    • Proportion of population below $1 (PPP) per day
    • Poverty gap ratio
    • Share of poorest quintile in national consumption
  2. Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people
    • Growth rate of GDP per person employed
    • Employment-to-population ratio
    • Proportion of employed people living below $1 (PPP) per day
    • Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment
  3. Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
    • Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age
    • Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption