Promoting the Employment of Persons with Disabilities in Uzbekistan: Challenges and Prospects
The number of people with disabilities in Uzbekistan is more than 780,000 where 97,000 are under 16. The economic benefits of employing people with disabilities, along with the benefits to the state, are significant. Besides the economic importance of employing people with disabilities, it is also important to recognise the social benefits of their employment, both for themselves and their greater community. Employment can result in not only financial independence, but can also lead to self-realisation, improved confidence and self-esteem, and a greater sense of contribution to society’s development. The employment of people with disabilities can offer improved opportunities for communication and socialisation, while helping to overcome the unfortunate stigmas and stereotypes that exist in society. In this regard, it is necessary to identify efficient economic and social measures to ensure that Uzbek citizens with disabilities can find gainful employment. It is also necessary to analyse the associated legal, regulatory and institutional arrangements, while ensuring that people with disabilities are employed and Uzbekistan’s employment services comply with best international practices. This study is divided into three chapters. The first chapter will follow this discussion by outlining best international experience associated with tackling issues related to the employment of persons with disabilities. The second chapter discusses the criteria used to identify the factors that determine the employability of people with disabilities, particularly those that relate to social, legal, regulatory and institutional factors. Finally, the third chapter will offer recommendations regarding how the current situation can be addressed and improved.